The neighborhood where you live affects how successful you're likely to be in life. If you live in a rich area, you're more likely to get ahead; if you live in a poor place, you're more likely to fall behind. There's a lot of evidence to suggest places are self-reinforcing to a person's life chances.
Despite what we hear about the gentrification of U.S. cities, many poor areas are in fact much like what they were decades ago. According to an analysis from Joe Cortright at the City Observatory, out of 1,100 urban census tracts with "high poverty" in 1970, there were 750 that still had a poverty rate double the national average in 2010. Even more disturbing, the incidence of poverty is growing. In 2010, there were three times as many areas with poverty over 30% (his definition for "high poverty") as there were 40 years earlier.
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